Annual county health rankings list Clark County as No. 10 in the state
Las Vegs, NV (KTNV) -- The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has released their annual County Health Rankings for 2012.
The rankings look at how healthy people are in nearly all counties across the United States and project how long they will live.
The 2012 County Health Calculator uses education and income to illustrate how these factors outside the health care system may affect everyone's health.
The County Health Rankings measure the health of nearly all counties in the nation and rank them within the states.
The Rankings are compiled using county-level measures from a variety of national and state data sources.
These measures are standardized and combined using scientifically-informed weights.
Health factors that were looked at included health behaviors, clinical care, social and economic factors, and the physical environment.
Two types of health outcomes were measure to show how healthy each county is: how long people live (mortality) and how healthy people feel (morbidity).
Two of several new health-related measures in this year's Rankings include how many fast food restaurants are in each county and what is the physical inactivity level among residents in each county.
Across the nation, some factors that influence health, such as smoking, availability of primary care physicians, and social support, show highs and lows across all regions. Meanwhile other factors reflect some distinct regional patterns, such as:
-- Excessive drinking rates are highest in the northern states.
-- Rates of teen births, sexually transmitted infections, and children in poverty are highest across southern states.
-- Unemployment rates are lowest in the northeastern, Midwest, and central plains states.
-- Motor vehicle crash deaths are lowest in the northeastern and upper Midwest states.
Now in their third year, the Rankings are increasingly being used by communities to help them identify challenges and take action to improve residents’ health.
By showing counties in every state how they stack up on key factors that affect the health of their residents, the Rankings help community leaders see where they need to improve and work with others in their community to create opportunities to reach that goal.
Some of the Clark County results:
7,941 premature death -- 5,466 nationally
18% report poor or fair health -- 10% nationally
8.1% children born with low birth weights -- 6% nationally
23% of the population smokes -- 14% nationally.
26% of adults are obese -- 25% nationally
24% of adults are physically inactive -- 25% nationally
19% drink excessively -- 8% nationally
15 motor vehicle crash deaths per 100,000 population -- 12 nationally
25% are uninsured -- 11% nationally
1,244:1 doctor ratio -- 631:1 nationally
75% screened for diabetes -- 89% nationally
SOCIAL & ECONOMIC FACTORS
89% high school graduates
53% some college -- 68% nationally
22% children in poverty -- 13% nationally
35% children in single-parent households -- 20% nationally
846 Violent crime rate per 100,000 population -- 73 nationally
3% limited access to healthy foods -- 0% nationally
59% percent of all restaurants that are fast food -- 25% nationally
How the counties are ranked in Nevada
12. Carson City
13. White Pine
Esmeralda -- NR
The 2012 County Health Calculator can be found online at www.countyhealthrankings.org.