House takes up own immigration fix, no citizenship
CREATED Jun. 30, 2013
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Republican chairman of the House Judiciary Committee said Sunday that any attempt at comprehensive immigration legislation cannot offer a "special pathway to citizenship" for those in the United States illegally.
That obstructionist approach could block the Republican Party's hopes of ever winning the White House, House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi predicted.
A thwarted immigration overhaul could again send those voting blocs to Democrats' side.
Last year, President Barack Obama won re-election with the backing of 71 percent of Hispanic voters and 73 percent of Asian voters after Republican candidate Mitt Romney advocated immigration measures so harsh that people in the country illegally would be motivated to "self-deport" themselves.
With last week's Senate passage of a comprehensive immigration bill, the emotionally and politically heated debate is now heading toward the Republican-led U.S. House, where conservative incumbents could face primary election challenges from the far right if they appear too lenient on the estimated 11 million immigrants living in the United States illegally.
Rep. Bob Goodlatte, the Virginia Republican who leads the House Judiciary Committee, said he does not foresee a proposal that could provide a simple mechanism for immigrants here illegally to earn full standing as U.S. citizens, as many Democrats have demanded. Goodlatte's committee has been working on bills that address individual concerns but has not written a comprehensive proposal to match the Senate's effort.
The House answer would not be "a special pathway to citizenship where people who are here unlawfully get something that people who have worked for decades to immigrate lawfully do not have," he said.
The Senate and House have to pass a consistent bill, which would then have to be signed into law by the president.
A pathway to legal standing, similar to immigrants who have green cards that allow them to be in the country, could be an option, he added.
That approach, Pelosi said, would bring electoral doom for Republicans looking to take back the White House after the 2016 elections. Republicans, she advised, should follow the Senate lead "if they ever want to win a presidential race."
"We wouldn't even be where we are right now had it not been that 70 percent of Hispanics voted for President Obama, voted Democratic in the last election," Pelosi said. "That caused an epiphany in the Senate, that's for sure. So, all of a sudden now, we have already passed comprehensive immigration reform in the Senate. That's a big victory."
The Senate bill would provide a long and difficult pathway to citizenship for those living in the country illegally, as well as tough measures to secure the border. Conservatives have stood opposed to any pathway to full citizenship for those workers, and House lawmakers have urged a piecemeal approach to the thorny issue instead of the Senate's sweeping effort.
Illustrating the strong opposition among conservative lawmakers in the House, Rep. Trey Gowdy, a South Carolina Republican, said flatly: "The Senate bill is not going to pass."
Bowing to those pressures, House Republicans have said they would consider each piece of immigration separately as they tried to navigate the politically dicey subject that could complicate not only their efforts to reclaim the White House but also thwart incumbent Republican lawmakers' attempt to win re-election.
House Speaker John Boehner has ruled out taking up the Senate bill and said the Republican-controlled chamber would chart its own version of the legislation with a focus on border security.
In the Democratic-controlled Senate, 14 Republicans joined all Democratic senators and independents in the 68-32 vote.
Sen. John McCain, the 2008 Republican presidential nominee and an author of the current Senate immigration bill, nodded to the politics.
"Republicans realize the implications of the future of the Republican Party in America if we don't get this issue behind us," he said.
That now falls to Boehner's chamber, where conservatives in his party have complicated his agenda on other subjects - few with such long-term implications as immigration.
If it fails, Democrats stood eager to blame Boehner and his party for a generation.
But an immigration bill could be trouble for Boehner's rank-and-file members.
"They fear Republican primaries from the right if they vote yes," said Sen. Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat.
But Democrats were unlikely to help them find a compromise, added Schumer, who helped write the Senate bill.
"No Democrat will vote for any bill without a path to citizenship," Schumer said.
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